The same factors (smoking, accumulated UV and free radical damage) that contribute to wrinkles, loose skin, and brown spots can also lead to saggy and enlarged pores. It happens when collagen, the structural support for the skin breaks down. Without the support, the pore expands. Oily skin types can also suffer from enlarged pores due to the amount of sebum they hold.  When they become full they stretch so they look large and wide open. It’s a bit like stuffing too much into a handbag and not being able to close the zip!
*If you have seriously large pores you need to tackle them with a good skincare routine. You can make pores look smaller by removing excess sebum, debris and makeup from the pores. Do this by following a good cleansing routine twice a day and gentle exfoliation. Look for ingredients that help draw out impurities like glycolic acid, charcoal and kaolin. Try Goldfaden MD Detox Clarifying Facial Wash (£32.from space nk) which contains plant stem cells and Glycolic Acid and is designed to deep cleanse pores.
*Skincare containing Retinol – the powerful vitamin A that generates cell growth and repairs damaged cells – can help boost collagen so will help make pores look smaller. Use a nigh time treatment, try La Roche-Posay Redermic R Anti-Wrinkle Treatment (£29.50)
*Using a product to control the production of sebum can help minimise pores, try Bioderma Sebium Pore Refiner (£14.39 farmaline.co.uk) a light correcting fluid containing  the exclusive patented Fluidactiv® complex, which helps control the production of sebum, while preventing pores from becoming clogged.
* Many primers contain silicone which provides the perfect base by forming a barrier between the skin and the foundation, and filling in pores. A primer also absorbs oil so you will not only achieve a no-shine flawless finish but make up will stay put and last longer, too – try Smashbox Photo Finish Foundation Primer (£26 smashbox.co.uk) which contains vitamins A and E grape seed extract and green tea and is oil free so good for congested skin. For more noticeable enlarged pores, which tends to be oily, mineral make up is a good option.
*Clay masks are the gold standard for oily skin types. Use a weekly mask – Sand & Sky Brilliant Clay Mask £39.90 sandandsky.com) contains Australian Pink Clay which helps to detoxify and brighten skin in just 10 minutes, minimising excess oil whilst refining pores and regulating sebum.
* As sun damage can cause enlarged pores, it’s essential to use a good sunscreen every day.  Try Avene Very High Protection Mineral Cream SPF50 (£13.50 boots.com) which has no parabens or fragrance and gives the face a colour boost and a radiant glow pigment.
* At the clinic, microinjections of Botox called Sprinkles – can dramatically shrink pores. It uses just a fraction of the amount of the toxin- about 60 per cent of the usual dose – and it is injected all over the skin rather than targeting specific areas. The result is a softer, more relaxed look and tighter pores with results lasting up to six months. From £200 0207 436 4441
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